Perugia, Umbria, Italy
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"Maybe I'll do a favor to all of you my readers, telling you how you should spend a week in Perugia. Your first care will not to be in a hurry, walking everywhere very slowly and aimlessly and to observe all things that your eyes will see."
by Henry James' Transatlantic Sketches, 1875
- City: Perugia
- Region: Umbria
- Province: Perugia
- Zona: Central Italy
- Coordinates: 43°6′43.56″N 12°23′
- Surface: 449,92 km²
- Population: 169 290 (by 31/07/2011)
- Patron Saint: San Costanzo, Sant'Ercolano, San Lorenzo
- Saint Day: 29 January
- Web site: Official Web Site
Perugia is well known also as the city of the art, with its very rich history and monuments, it is a cultural and economic region and a destination for tourists and students. There are two universities: the University, founded in 1308 and the University for Foreigners, the largest in Italy.
The most interesting part of the city is on the hill, where you can go up with particular underground elevator.
What to see in Perugia?
Similar to the other touristic places in Umbria also in Perugia there are many historical and significant basilicas and churches to see. But not only, there are many other palaces to see and Etruscan and Medieval monuments.
The Fontana Maggiore (1275-1278) is one of the significant and center monument of Perugia with its particular medieval sculpture. You will easily find it in the central Piazza 4 Novembre.
Basilicas and Churches in Perugia
Cathedral and Basilicas:
- The Cathedral of San Lorenzo
- Basilica of San Domenico
- Basilica of San Pietro
- The Church of San Michele Arcangelo of Perugia, known as Tempio di Sant'Angelo
- Church of Sant'Agostino
- Church of Jesus Christ
- Church of Sant'Ercolano
- Church of San Fiorenzo
- The New Church of San Filippo Neri
- Church of San Costanzo
- Church of San Francesco of Prato
- Church of Santa Giuliana
- Church of Santa Maria of Monteluce
- Church of Santa Maria Nuova
- Capella of San Severo
Oratory and Religion Monuments:
- Oratory of Sant'Agostino
- Oratory of San Bernardino
- Oratory of San Francesco
- Civic Monumental Cemetery
- Arco Etrusco o di Augusto
- Rocca Paolina
- The Etruscan Well
- The Tomb of the Volumni
- The Tomb of Villa Sperandio
- The Tomb of San Manno
- The Mosaic of Orpheus and the beasts or Santa Elisabetta
The Walls of Perugia and the Old City
It was not occasional that this place was chosen as the place of the city. Perugia has a strategical place for defense and so why they were build walls in the old times.
Perugia has two walls: the Etruscan walls were built between the fourth and third centuries BC and were constructed in a rather uniform. The second circle of walls, were build in the medieval ages and they reached approximately 6 km and incorporated by the five ancient gates.
The Etruscan Walls
- The Etruscan Arch
- The Marzia Gate
- The Trasimena Gate
- The Sole Gate or The Gigli Arch
- The Mandorla Arch or The Eburnea Gate
- The Sant'Ercolano or The Cornea Gate
The Medieval Walls
- The San Pietro Gate or Porta Romana
- The Sant'Angelo Gate
- The Santa Susanna Gate
- The Tower of Sciri - it is the only one medieval tower that survived to our days
The Palaces of Perugia
- The Priori Palace
- The Gallenga Stuart Palace
- The Palace of the Old University
- The Palace of The Province
- The Donini Palace
- Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria
- Museo Archeologico Nazionale dell'Umbria, nell'ex-convento di San Domenico
- Museo dell'Opera del Duomo
- Museo dell'Accademia di Belle Arti
- Museo di Palazzo della Penna con collezioni d'arte moderna
- POST - Perugia Officina per la Scienza e la Tecnologia
- Museo storico della Perugina
How to go to Perugia?
- By Air
- By Train
- By Car
- Go Around
Perugia has a small airport situated 12 km on the east of Perugia. It is usually served by the low-cost company like Belle Air and Ryanair.
For more information visit:
Perugia Airport - International Airport San Francesco d'Assisi
From the airport of Perugia you can get a bus that runs for 20 minutes to Piazza d'Italia and and the railway station.
If you can not find any lines to fly to Perugia then the better solution is to fly to Roma:
Roma Airport 1 - International Airport Leonardo Da Vinci - Fiumicino
Roma Airport 2 - International Airport Ciampino
The both have very good connection with the city of Roma. You can go to the city and to get a train to Perugia or to hire a car or taxi.
The Railway transport in the town of Perugia is characterized by the presence of the railway network of the State and the Central Railroad of the region of Umbra. It lies at the intersection line and RFI Terontola-Foligno line FCU Sansepolcro-Terni.
For more information visit the Italian Railway web site.
The State Railways (Ferrovie dello Stato - F.S.)
There are following Stations of F.S.:
- Perugia Fontivegge (serving the urban area, and is in connection with the same name stop Minimetrò)
- Perugia Ponte San Giovanni (interchange with the FCU, serves 5 different directions),
- Capitini Perugia (in front of the eponymous conference center, serves Curi stadium and the terminal of the downstream Minimetrò)
- Silvestrini Perugia (serving the hospital and the village of San Sisto),
- Perugia University (Faculty of Engineering and serves the neighborhood Saint Lucia).
The Central Railway of Umbria
The Central Railway of Umbria runs along the Tiber and connects via Sansepolcro with Terni, passing Città di Castello, Umbertide, Marsciano, Todi and Sangemini. It has different stations and stops in the town of Perugia, is on the outskirts of the city than in villages. Managed for a long time by the Central Railroad Umbra Ltd., from the 1st of December 2010 is managed by Umbria Mobilità.
The main Railway Stations served by the Central Umbria Perugia are:
- Perugia Sant'Anna Station: is the central terminal of the line is also the nearest station to the city center,
- Station Perugia Ponte San Giovanni: acts as a hinge between the Umbra and the Central Railway Foligno-Terontola,
- Station Piscille Perugia: it is a metro station located on the line Ponte San Giovanni-Sant'Anna,
- Station Perugia Pallotta: is a metro station located on the line Ponte San Giovanni-Sant'Anna.
There is a particular transport in Perugia called Minimetrò. It is in use from 2008 and it connect the the area of Pian di Massiano with the Acropolis, across the southwestern part of the urban area.
The line follows a path of at about 4 km spread over two terminals and five intermediate stations, and through two tunnels. From the terminal of the city called "Pincetto" you can go up to the historic center by three underground escalators.
Perugia has very good connections with all the parts of Italy.
If you come from North via Highway A1 you should change it in exit Valdichiana and to get the direction to Perugia. This part of the Highway is very picturesque and it is passing near the Lake Trasimento.
From the north part of Adriatic Sea you should come via E45.
From Ancona you come via SS76 to Fossano di Vico and then via SS318 to Perugia.
If you come from Rome via Highway A1 you should change it in Orte and to get E45 to Perugia.
If you come From Civitanova Marche on the Adriatic Sea you should get SS77 to Foligno and then SS75 to Perugia.
When you go to visit the Historical part of Perugia you should take in consideration that you should leave your car down the high town. There is a big parking nearby the elevator that will bring you up t the city. Once being there enjoy fully your time there and discover Perugia by walking.
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Map of Perugia