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"Terzo di Camollia"
About "Terzo di Camollia"
"Terzo di Camollia" in Siena takes its name from the City Gate, called Porta Camollia which is faced to the direction of Firenze (Florence), the traditional enemy and therefore was always heavily guarded. "Terzo di Camollia" includes the main shopping, banking and leisure street of the city, Via Banchi di Sopra with the two squares, Piazza Salimbeni and Piazza Tolomei. "Terzo di Camollia" also hosts several Basilica Santa Maria in Provenzano, in commemoration of whom the Palio race is held on the 2nd July each year, S. Francesco, S. Domenico and the Fortezza, an imposing fortress.
Santuario di Santa Caterina
This Sanctuary is a Saint's own home. The entrance to the Sanctuary of Santa Caterina is through the Portico of Commons. This place is so named because each municipality in Italy contributed to its construction with the symbolic reflecting the cost a brick. The Portico of Commons began building in 1941, after the demolition of the church of Saint Anthony Abbot that once stood here and since then the parish which bore this name was incorporated in the Parish of St. Dominic who was since called St. Anthony Abbot in San Domenico.
This porch was built to access the Sanctuary of Santa Caterina on 18 June 1939. It was proclaimed by Pope Pius XII patron saint of Italy, together with St. Francis of Assisi. The war on the Second World War, meant that the construction was stopped before being completed in 1947. From here you access to the small atrium loggia attributed to Baldassarre Peruzzi or one of his students made around 1530. This is followed by another small hall that houses the plaster sketch of the bronze statue, designed by Bruno Buracchini and placed at the Medici Fortress.
What should not you miss to see there?
In the Sanctuary there is an Oratory of the Crucifix which houses the stigmata of the Crucified. Tradition has it that this church had been erected in the orchard of the family of Catherine a piece of land adjoining the church of Saint Anthony. It was consecrated 23 April 1623 by Archbishop Alessandro Petrucci. The church-chapel was built to keep the crucifix that these stigmata in Santa Caterina in Pisa in the church of Santa Cristina on 1 April 1375. So Santa told her confessor Raymond of Capua: "Know father, who by the mercy of the Lord, I bring my body back in his stigmata. I saw the Lord nailed to the cross, coming toward me in a great light and the momentum was so much of my soul, eager to meet his Maker that the body was forced to get up. Then the scars of his most holy wounds, I came down in five-beam direct blood to the hands and feet and my heart . Now I exclaimed: Oh Lord, My God, I beg of you: that scars do not see this outside of my body. As I said so, before the rays reach me, they changed the color of blood in their bright color." (Legenda Maior, 195 - ed. Cantagalli).
The Crucifix was taken to Siena in 1565 after many vicissitudes and was placed in the oratory of the kitchen where it was till 1623 year of construction of the church where it was placed. The Crucifix is the stigmata of the Pisan school, of the twelfth century.
In this church there is also the Votive Lamp in bronze desired by mothers of fallen soldiers in the II World War. Every year during the celebrations in honor of patron Santa Catherina of Italy and Europe the Municipality or an association of Italy offers oil to feed the flame of this lamp.
From Monday to Sunday 9.00-12.45 & 15.00-18.30
Costa di S.Antonio, 6
Tel. 0577 28 81 75
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Map of Santuario di Santa Caterina