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Palazzo Pitti (The Pitti Palace)
About Palazzo Pitti
Palazzo Pitti in Firenze was built in the 15th century by the Pitti family, and after was occupied by the Medici family. In nowadays inside The Pitti Palace you will find many private museums of paintings, sculptures and others.
What could you see in Palazzo Pitti:
- Galleria Palatina (The Palatine Gallery)
- Museo degli Argenti (The Silver Museum)
- Galleria d'Arte Moderna (The Modern Art Gallery)
- Galleria del Costume (The Costume Gallery)
- Museo delle Porcellane (The Porcelain Museum)
- Giardino di Boboli (Boboli Gardens)
The Palatine Gallery is on the first floor of Palazzo Pitti, where you can find the most beautiful rooms of the palace. After covering the staircase dell'Ammannati you come to the rooms that were used by the Grand Duke for the private residence and for public hearings. Some of them are dedicated to sculpture, like the hall of Staffieri, the Gallery of Statues and the hall of Castagnoli and are full of priceless paintings, antique furniture and ornaments, while the others are named after the theme of the frescoes that decorate the vaults : the cycle is dedicated to the Greek-Roman mythology and the dynasty of the Medici family, from a particular symbol, in which subjects are mythological examples of the Prince of Life.
The Silver Museum possess an extraordinarily rich collection of precious objects, many of which were commissioned by members of the Medici family. It is including rock crystal vases and works in hard stone(half-precious stones), ivory, gems, cameos, silver, carpets, clocks and chino series.
The Museum is situated in the left wing of the Pitti Palace on the ground floor and in the first mezzanine. The state rooms, which formed part of the grand-ducal summer apartment, are decorated with important 17th-century frescoes by Giovanni from San Giovanni where the theme is the evocation through mythology of Medici history at the time of Lorenzo the Magnificent.
In the Modern Art Gallery you could admire all of Tuscan painting of the last three centuries.
The Gallery of Modern Art is located on the top floor of the Palazzo Pitti, where you can take a look of a beautiful view of the Boboli Gardens. Many of its thirty rooms were decorated in the nineteenth century at the time of the last Lorraine Grand Dukes, Ferdinand III and Leopold II, and then open the gallery as a whole around 1924.
The Gallery of Modern Art has more than two thousand works of Tuscan painting from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, as well as paintings by other Italian and foreign schools. Over the years, collections and furnishings have been increased by a number of donations from the Academy of Fine Arts and from private individuals, as the painters Alberto Magnelli, Leo Ambron and Elisabeth Chaplin. The gallery also maintains a major collection of Tuscan Macchiaioli: Silvestro Lega (The Song of the ditty), Giovanni Fattori (Italian Field after the Battle of Magenta, the staff, the round Palmieri, The Battle of Custoza, Market in Maremma ), Raphael Sernesi (Colli Fiorentini) and paintings of the twentieth century such as Gino Severini, Ardengo Soft, Giorgio de Chirico, Felice Casorati, Ottone Rosai. For the romantic painting, are among others, and Francesco Hayez Francesco Sabatelli.
The Costume Gallery is located inside the Palace of Meridiana in Palazzo Pitti, built between the late eighteenth century and early twentieth century by Gaspare Maria Paoletti, commissioned by Pietro Leopoldo. The building became the residence of several dynasties in Tuscany and later, until 1946 by the Savoy. The Costume Gallery was opened in 1983 and includes collections from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, offering a panorama of history of fashion and taste. Are collected from about six thousand costumes, old clothes and accessories, mainly the result of private donations, as the collection Tirelli and Ferre. Of note, in particular, the presence of the burial clothes that belonged to Cosimo I de'Medici, Eleonora di Toledo and Don Garzia, who went back to the sixteenth century, are among the most ancient and rare pieces. The costumes are displayed on different types of mannequins and are subject to a two-year rotation, so that they can be preserved with greater care and be able to display the full collection of deposits.
The Porcelain Museum was a section of the Museo degli Argenti and was situated in the mezzanine of the Pitti Palace. In 1973 with the total rearrangement of this complex the collection was transferred to the Casino del Cavaliere at the top of the Boboli gardens' slopes. Built in the 18th century as a retreat for the Grand Duke, the Casino has proved a particularly ideal setting for the conservation and display of a unified collection.
The collection consists mainly of table porcelain used by the Gran Ducal and Royal Houses of the Medici, Lorraine and Savoy. The collection can be described as princely, in that many pieces were made for the grand ducal court or were gifts from other European rulers. The grand dukes made use of the local Florentine manufacture of Doccia for their large services in daily use, which are well represented in the museum.
The Boboli Gardens are one of the most beautiful gardens in Italy and you should not miss to visit them and enjoy the nice walk and discovering its beauty. It is a place that is much loved by all Florentine's.
The construction of the Boboli Gardens was entrusted to Niccolò Pericoli, after the wife of Cosimo I de'Medici, Eleonora di Toledo, bought the property from the Pitti family. Over the centuries, the works will be entrusted to different architects and designers, as Fortini and Giorgio Vasari. But the impression was definitely stronger when it was given to Ammannati, who designed the amphitheater. Ammannati used to encompass the idea of the Amphitheater in the beautification project in the area, the quarry that has been created for the extraction of hard stone, used for the construction of the Palazzo Pitti, behind which stands the Boboli Gardens. The garden contains works and buildings that testify to the greatness and the taste of the family de'Medici, who owned the garden until the middle of the eighteenth century, when it succeeded the Habsburg-Lorraine, even their great connoisseurs of art.
After an initial period of neglect by the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, the Boboli Gardens was restored and started over the years, the construction of several buildings. The beautiful gardens and cut at the maze, were killed by Leopold II in 1834 for the opening of a great way to go in a carriage.
- The Basin of Neptune
The basin of Neptune was built between 1777-1778 in place of a nursery, to collect water to irrigate the whole garden. The double ramp spans the basin and is adorned with three Roman statues. At the center of the basin, surrounded by water nymphs and Triton, is a statue of the sea god Neptune, which gives its name to the pelvis.
The Florentines also call it the "Fountain of the fork, due to the pitchfork contested by Neptune, portrayed in the act of an attack. The statue dates back to 1571, and is the work of the master Stoldo Lorenzi. At the top of the basin of Neptune is the work of white marble and gilded bronze, dedicated to the sad story of Joan of Austria. The unfortunate wife of Francesco I de'Medici died following a fall down the stairs of the palace, and her husband commissioned the statue, called the' Abundance 'artist Pietro Tacca, to pay homage to the centuries.
- The garden and the casino of the Knight
Another very special environment inside the Boboli Gardens is the Garden of the Knight , a place above the ramparts belonging to the fortifications built by Michelangelo, and falls as a result of the siege of the city 1530. There is no statue of riders in this area, and the name of the garden goes back to a period of military architecture. The structure of "knight" is built above, precisely "on horseback", a bastion, just like the one in the Boboli Gardens, and which gives its name to this part of the garden. Access to the "Garden of the Knight" is possible through a cross-scale ramps, decorated with two statues of Flora and Jupiter, that are combined in a small terrace from which you can admire the view.
- Monkey Fountain
At the center of the garden has installed a Fountain with a bronze cherub from which comes the water and three bronze monkeys that give it its name. The structure-framed paintings and the cornice embellished with terracotta statues and vases, which are now in the Museum of Porcelain, is the "Knight of the casino, built around 1700 by Cosimo III and used as a "withdrawal" by Gian Gastone.
- The coffee house and "Madama Grotticina"
The coffee house is a pavilion in the Rococo style, with a beautiful glass dome style exotic. The construction is the point of view of the great avenue of escape, said "this avenue, ideally leading to the Villa Medici at Poggio Imperiale. Continuing to walk in the Boboli Gardens to get to the "Grotticina of Madame" also called "Grotticina Goats" for the statues of the four goats from which, in the original project, water came out. Near the fountain is "The Garden of Madama", made for Joan of Austria, and decorated with a series of delightful geometric flower beds.
The "Boboli Gardens" is located behind the Pitti Palace, but there can also be accessed from Annalena, Forte Belvedere and the Porta Romana. The visit to the gardens can be from 8:15 to 16:30 from November to February, from 8:15 to 17:30 in March, from 8:15 to 18:30 in April, May, September, October and from 8:15 to 19:30 in June, July and August. The gardens are closed on the first and the last Monday of the month and the commemoration of May Day, Christmas and New Year.
Escape the traffic and chaos of the city and you will be grateful that you dedicate your time of The Boboli Gardens in Firenze!
Open Tuesday to Sunday 8,15 – 18,50
Closed Monday, New Year's Day, May 1st and Christmas Day
The Museums and galleries in Palazzo Pitti could have a little different time of closing between 16.15 and 19.30 depending of time of the year you are there.
Piazza dei Pitti 1
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Map of Palazzo Pitti