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- City: Firenze
- Region: Toscana
- Province: Firenze
- Zona: Central Italy
- Coordinates: 43°46′17″N 11°15′15″E
- Surface: 102,41 km ²
- Population: 373 446 (by 31/12/2011)
- Patron Saint: John the Baptist
- Saint Day: 24 June
- Web site: Official Web Site
You will read in many other places that Firenze is the city of the art and it is absolutely true. Not only palaces are full with art and history but just being on the streets you will notice it and more. In addition it is full with many people in our days that are creating their arts just there, on the street and you could enjoy to see how some art works is made in front of you.
Not for nothing it is one of the most visited cities in Italy. Firenze has one exceptional artistic heritage, there are many interesting places to see, every one church there is simply notable with something important. Surely you will need there a couple of days to see everything you wish.
What to see in Firenze?
Firenze (Florence) is considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance and it is known for its magnificent art and architecture works.
The most remarkable place for Firenze is Galleria degli Uffizi. Uffizi is one of the few biggest galleries on the world (after British National Museum and Louvre in Paris) where you could enjoy the pictures and statues of the old world famous geniuses of the art as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarroti.
Probably you have already seen many pictures of this picturesque bridge over the Arno river. Did you know that this old bridge is a home of antique and designer jewelry? And not only, take a look at the small shops there.
Palazzo Vecchio is the main palace in Firenze in Piazza della Signiora. Built in 1540 by Cosimo I of the Medici family. Later it is a residence of Dukes of Florence. In our days Palazzo Vecchio is the building of Municipality of the city but a part of it is saved like a museum where tourist could enjoy and see the atmosphere of the Renaissance and could see the famous statue of Victory.
The Pitti Palace was built in the 15th century by the Pitti family, and after was occupied by the Medici family. In nowadays inside The Pitti Palace you will find many private museums of paintings, sculptures and other like The Palatine Gallery, The Silver Museum, The Modern Art Gallery, Galleria del Costume. In the back of Pitti Palace opens up to the beautiful Boboli Gardens.
The Florence Dome is the symbol of the population of Florence and of the Renaissance. It is the fourth largest cathedral in the world. The construction was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi began from the end of the 13th century and completed in 1434. The facade of the Duomo of Florence is very colorful with a design in white, red and green marble. The exterior, adorned with statues and windows, was designed in the second part of the 19th century by Emilio de Fabris, following the design of Giotto's Bell Tower. Inside the Cathedral you will find beautiful frescoes made by famous artists as Paolo Uccello and Andrea del Castagno. The visitors can go to the top of the dome's cupola and views a fantastic panorama of the city of Florence.
Il Battistero di San Giovanni (the Baptistery)
Il Battistero di San Giovanni (the Baptistery) is located in the Piazza del Duomo (Dome Square) in front of the Dome, is separate structure. The Baptistery is famous for its gold doors panels designed by Ghilberti in the Renaissance period. The Baptistery also features beautiful paintings and mosaics from the 13th century.
The Bell Tower of Giotto was designed by Giotto as a decoration for the Dome Square. The marble pieces comes from different areas in Italy: white marble from Carrara, green marble from Prato, and red marble from Siena. The Giotto's bell tower is about 20 feet shorter than the Florence Dome.
In Santa Croce Church lies the tombs of Michelangelo, Machiavelli's, Galileo's, and Rossini's rests.
In Galleria dell'Accademia you could see the famous sculpture of Michelangelo's spectacular David.
Do not miss also to make a spectacular view of Firenze from Piazzale Michelangelno. Every couple that is getting married is going to make a picture in this place, so you could see many of those young people there.
How to go to Firenze?
Firenze lies on the banks of the River Arno, in a valley surrounded by hills. Its industry and craft businesses, commercial and cultural links, artistic scene and scientific concerns make it a lovely city. Having the central position in the Italian Peninsula, being on the main national railway lines it is very well connected to many major Italian and European cities.
Florence is easy reachable by Car, by Train, by Bus and by Airplane.
- By Air
Florence's Amerigo Vespucci Airport is just 5 km far from the city center and it is served by various domestic and international airlines. The Airport is very well connected by taxi, shuttle buses and bus. The airport of Pisa is at about 50km far from Florence and it is connected to the railway station of Santa Maria Novella by appropriate train.
For more information visit the Florence Airport web site.
- By Train
Florence is easy reachable by Train from all Italy and from abroad. There are various railway stations in Florence. The most important are: Firenze Rifredi, Firenze Santa Maria Novella and Firenze Campo di Marte.
For more information visit the Italian Railway web site.
- By Car
For those who wishes to travel by car, Florence is easy to reach by the A1 highway or the A11 highway. In the center of Florence there are many payment parking where to leave your own car.
But remember that it is hard to move by car in the main center of Florence. Better way to move easy in the main center of Florence is by foot, by bicycle, by bus or to use taxi.
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Map of Firenze (Florence)