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- Archeological site: Tharros
- Region: Sardegna
- Province: Oristano
- Municipality: Cabras
- Zona: West Italy, In Mediterranean Sea
Tharros is an archaeological site in the province of Oristano, located in the municipality of Cabras, Sardinia. The city is located in the foothills south of the Sinis Peninsula, which ends with the promontory of Capo San Marco.
Some theories about the archaeological site of Tharros state that the city was founded by the Phoenicians in the eighth century BC Traditionally supported this thesis has recently been revised and subjected to more accurate considerations, especially after the discovery of some portions of the ancient settlement during excavation in the adjacent lagoon Mistras. A submerged wall along approximately 100 meters seems to be part of a port structure much older Phoenician era, in fact, only in 1200 BC the sea level rose, engulfing the existing buildings. So we assume the presence of a settlement proto-Sardinian present there in the Bronze Age
After the colonization of Carthage, the ruins of a previous nuragic village, on top of a hill called Su Murru Mannu (although in the literature is often labeled "muru", the result of a misunderstanding of Taramelli), the Carthaginians established a Tophet, a sacred pool of several typical Punic-Phoenician settlements in the western Mediterranean, the Tophet are considered an indicator of urbanization.
Despite the difficulties in dating precisely which dates back centuries the initial nucleus, from its construction until abandonment - (which took place in the tenth century AD) - the site was always inhabited: first by the Phoenicians and then the Romans.
The area is now an open air museum and the excavations going on uncovering know more about the past of this city. What you can see above dates to the Roman period or early Christianity. Among the most interesting are the Tophet, the spa, the foundation of the house and part of the area with houses and workshops.
Most of the artifacts found during the excavations can be seen at:
- the National Archaeological Museum of Cagliari;
- the Antiquarium Arborense in Oristano;
- the Municipal Archaeological Museum Giovanni Marongiu Cabras;
- the British Museum in London where, however, are not exposed.
Tharros was also the capital of the Judge of Arborea until 1070 (at least as reported by Fara and traditionally accepted), when the Judge Orzocco I de Lacon-Zori moved in Oristano its bishopric and the entire population of Tharros. Most famous is said (reported for the first time since Mattei) "Portant de Tharros sas pedras a carros", literally "lead from Tharros stones chariot", demonstrating that Oristano was founded with the material remains of the ancient Phoenician colony.
In the Summer: From 9.00 to 20.00.
In the Winter: From 9.00 to 17.00.
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Map of Tharros