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The Nuraghi Valley
About Nuraghi Valley
- Archeological area: The Nuraghi Valley
- Region: Sardegna
- Area: Logudoro Meilogu
- Municipality: Torralba, Giave, Bonorva, Mores, Thiesi, Bonnanaro, Borutta, Cheremule, Ittireddu
- Zona: West Italy, In Mediterranean Sea
The Nuraghi Valley is a modern name, coined in the twentieth century, which defines an area of Logudoro Meilogu, Sardinia, extended in the territories of Torralba, Giave, Bonorva, Mores, Thiesi, Bonnanaro, Borutta, Cheremule and Ittireddu, in which there are the remains of over thirty Nuraghi and ten tombs of giants.
In this favorable environmental and climatic factors have contributed to the formation of human settlements, attested by the remains of appropriations pool, settlements in the caves and underground necropolis (domus de Janas: among them that of St. Andrew Priu at Bonorva, reused as a rock church from the Byzantine religious observance, and that of Mandra Doors, campaigns Thiesi, which has painted decorations of taurine busts. You can find there also the dolmen Sa Coveccada, located in the countryside of Mores.
Among the remains of several Nuraghi and its villages, the most impressive is the Nuraghi Santu Antine, three-lobed plan.
How did they build the Nuraghi?
The oldest of the dolmen consists of a central tower of three superimposed chambers (high 18.60 m.), Built between the seventeenth century BC and XIII BC, in blocks of basalt . Later, during the period of the Late Bronze Age, were built around the central tower four towers joined together by a curtain wall with an upper balcony (now lost), all communicating an inner courtyard served by a well. In later times, in the Iron Age, the complex was surrounded by a curtain wall of seven lobes.
How did they use The Nuraghi?
The archaeologists and historians are in agreement that the Nuraghi were only building as civilian-military buildings, to control and defense the territory and the resources contained therein.
Many doubts have not been clarified and there are those who still questions about the construction techniques used to build them.
It is not easy to indicate their precise function since there are nuraghes built on plains, on top of hills, but also on the sides repaired and scenic mountains. It is thought that those placed on the top of hills as a simple tower, towers were in sight of each other, while in the the large complex there are more towers around a central one. They have had different functions, always reported - according to various hypotheses - to be the center of the community.
Among the many hypotheses, is that one of fortitude, of parliament (or main place of the Community decisions), sanctum sanctorum of the temple or the residence of the head of the village, or various combinations of these possibilities as the example of Nuragic Su Nuraxi that has a courtyard, a well and a cistern internal structures that have assumed a castle built to withstand sieges.
The hypothesis that saw the nuraghi as buildings for military purposes, once dominant, seems to have lost luster in recent years in favor of a more likely target religious, but the debate still divides the specialists.
The linguist Sardinian Maximum Pittau is one of the major proponents of exclusively religious shrine and the dolmen, it is argued that the function of the palace would explain many questions still unanswered and, according to this thesis, the dolmen was a place of distinctive a single community with which it asserted its ownership of the lands around and symbolized their own economic well-being and wealth. Their multiple functions thus justify the siting of a thousand structures along the coast: perhaps they were also used as watch towers, the first defensive barrier and at the same place of the control of the landing and shelter for the merchants who plied the seas. Of course, you should see the function of the dolmen as something that has changed over time.
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Map of The Valley of Nuraghi