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- Archeological city: Nora
- Region: Sardegna
- Province: Cagliari
- Municipality: Pula
- Zona: West Italy, In Mediterranean Sea
Nora is an ancient city with Nuragic origin and later Punic capital of the people of Nora. It is located on the the promontory of Capo Pula, on the southern coast of Sardinia to the west of Cagliari, now in the town of Pula. The name of this antic city comes from the eponymous hero Norace.
Have been found traces of nuragica stating that the site in the Bronze Age (especially a sacred well at the "Spa at Sea").
Traces of Nuragic-Phoenician population refer the eighth century BC (Nora stones, inscribed in an alphabet similar to the Phoenician, with the oldest attestation of the name of Sardinia), while the oldest remains found refer to a cemetery with graves dating from the late seventh and early sixth century BC.
The Tophet of Nora was discovered in 1889 thanks to a storm, with the excavations carried out in the following year. Here were found many materials, especially some sandstone stones, often with symbolic representations, including in small niches, with hints of the buildings. The materials are dated between the late fifth and the end of the fourth century BC.
The stones of Nora have a preference for symbolic representations: the bethel stone sacred home of the gods, and the sign of Tanit, the Carthaginian goddess of the pantheon, depicted as a triangle surmounted by a circle, often enriched with astral symbols (sun disk and crescent moon). Less frequent depictions of human figures. The stones have different sizes, from small one to a real monuments.
Temple of Aesculapius Eshmun - Esculapio
The great Temple Complex is affected by various building, rebuilding and destruction that have complicated the understanding of the general layout and function rooms. The temple is built on different levels. Some interesting environments, mosaic, dating back to imperial age; apse opens on the south side of the building. Duplication of Holies, obtained by placing a partition, assume he has a per-existing Punic in the area, this being a characteristic of sacred architecture of the Punic world.
The excavations have brought to light a series of four small and two larger statues, ceramics, turned out to be of considerable importance, especially chronological order.
Sant'Efisio Church in Nora
The church of Sant'Efesio of Nora is located on the beach of Mediterranean Sea near the ruins of Noranot so far from Pula. It is built in the Romanesque style and has three naves. Probably local people started to build it in 1089 and it was sacred in 1102.
In 1656 it was restored thanks to the donation by Alfonso Gualbès Marquis de Palmas, in gratitude for having escaped the plague after evoking the saint.
This church is the place where the procession has the culmination of the Festival of Sant'Efisio.
More about The Feast of Sant'Efisio
Going on Sardegna and the beginning of May is a good decision. On this way you can have not so much hot weather there, nice time to travel all around Sardegna and not to miss the most important Feast of Sant'Efesio in Cagliari.
In the Summer: 9.00 - 20.00.
In the Winter: 9.00 - 17.30.
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Map of The Valley of Nuraghi