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- City: Cagliari
- Region: Sardegna
- Province: Cagliari
- Zona: West Italy, in the Mediterranean Sea
- Coordinates: 39°13′0″N 9°7′0″E
- Surface: 85,45 km²
- Population: 155 887 (by 31/12/2011)
- Patron Saint: San Saturnino
- Saint Day: 30 October
- Web site: Official Web Site
Cagliari is the capital city of the province and the region of Sardegna. It is located on one of the two biggest Italian island in the Mediterranean Sea.
As all Sardegna is rich of history and ancient places to see also Cagliari has lots to show to the world.
Cagliari has been an administrative city of the island under the name of Caralis of the provinces of Corsica and Sardinia during the Roman period and later capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1324 to 1720, then from 1798 to 1814.
The port of Sardegna is classified as "International" because of its importance in the Italian and International duties in commercial, industrial, tourist and service for passengers.
Cagliari has in common with Rome, Lisbon and Istanbul the fact that it was built on 7 hills identified as many city districts: Castle, Tuvu Mannu, Tuvixeddu, Monte Claro, Monte Urpinu, Colle di Bonaria, Colle di San Michele.
The city of Cagliari is in fact characterized by hilly areas, such as historic districts of Castello, Stampace, Marina and Villanova, and low-lying areas, which represent the most neighborhoods emerged from the nineteenth century.
Awards of Cagliari
Thanks to the freedom-fighting spirit of its inhabitants the city of Cagliari has three very important awards.
- The most old title between them is the one from 1327 awarded as the Royal City.
- For his sacrifice and the pride with which Cagliari faced the enemy during the Second World War on 19 May 1950 the city received by the President of the Republic Luigi Einaudi, the banner of the city awarded the Gold Medal for Military Valor.
- On 14 June 1975 Cagliari also received the Silver Medal worthy of the school of arts and culture.
What to see in Cagliari?
Thanks to the rich history here are many interesting places to see in the city of Cagliari.
Historical Palaces and Castles
- Amfiteatro Romano
- Citadella dei Musei
- Bastione di Saint Remi - the most important fortification of the city
- Necropoli di Tuvixeddu
- Grotta della Vipera - Viper's Cave
- Castello "Kastrum Karalis" - the largest of the four historic districts of the city of Cagliari
- The Royal Palace
Catedral, Churches and Sanctuary
- Catedrale Santa Maria
- Chiesa di San Pietro dei Pescatori
- Cloister San't Agostino
- Cloister San Domenico
- San Saturno - the most antic church of Cagliari
- Sanctuary Nostra Signora di Bonaria
Walls and Towers
- Elephant Tower
- Tower of San Pancrazio
- Torre dello Sperone
- Eagle Tower
How to go to Cagliari?
Cagliari is on the Sardegna island in the Mediterraenan Sea far from the continent and so way it has limited connection to the other parts of Italy and Europe. Even though on the island are presented all kind of transports. But to reach Cagliari from all other parts of Italy you can do it only in two ways: via air or via the mediterranean sea by boat or ferribooat.
- By Air
The most fast way to reach Cagliari is via air. The Airport of Cagliari (Cagliari-Elmas, Mario Mameli) is located just a few kilometers from the center of Cagliari. It is connected to the city by the State Road SS130. There is a bus line also, served by Autobus Arst connecting the Airport with the Station on Square Matteaotti.
There are also another two airports not too far from the city:
- The former Airport of Montserrat
- Decimomannu Airport, a military airport.
For more information visit the International Airport Cagliari web site.
- By Boat
Going to Sardegna by Boat and Ferryboat is one of the two most used ways to go to Cagliari.
Cagliari is served by the Porto Passageri, commercial and cruise terminal Via Roma. From Cagliari there are scheduled services by passenger ship to Civitavecchia, Naples, Palermo and Trapani, and goods to Genoa and Livorno. Cagliari is also the home of Porto Canale, dedicated to container traffic. A harbor area of Via Roma is reserved for tourist boats. In the city there are two other marinas: Su Siccu (Lega Navale) and Marina Piccola.
- By Train
The train services in Sardegna are limited only on the island.
The main railway station of Cagliari is the Ferrovie dello Stato, with trains connecting Cagliari to Iglesias and Carbonia, to Olbia and Golfo Aranci and Sassari and Porto Torres through the joint Ozieri-Chilivani, all in the island of Sardegna.
From the station of the nearby town of Montserrat began the line narrow-gauge railway to Arbatax and Sorgono and the former Sardinian Railways now managed by ARST, the public transport is limited up to Isili, while the remaining sections are traveled by tourist trains known as the Green Train (Trenino Verde).
For more information visit the Italian Railway web site.
- By Car
The only way to go to Cagliari by your own car is via Ferryboats.
The other option is to rent a car from the Airport of Cagliari that could be a good decision to travel all around Sardegna with a car.
- Go Around
As in all old Historical centers of the cities in Italy also in Cagliari the best way to see and discover Cagliari is by walking. It is better you have comfortable shoes in the city because of its hills you should go up and down.
For those who would like to travel via the city with the bus there are public transport Metropolitan CTM SpA, operated by buses and trolleybuses
Network of the regional transport is operated by ARST bus service.
There is also a trolleybus network of Cagliari.
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Map of Cagliari