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Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano)

About Vatican City State

  • Capital: Vatican City
  • Situated in: the center of Roma city
  • Zona: Roma, Central Italy
  • Political State: Independence from Italy
  • Government: ecclesiastical, sacerdotal-monarchical, absolute, elective monarchy
  • Sovereign: Pope Benedict XVI
  • Coordinates: 41°54.2′N 12°27.2′E
  • Surface: 0,44 km ²
  • Population: 994 (by 31/07/2011)
  • Saint Day: 11 February
  • Web site: Official Web Site


Vatican City State is the world famous center of Catholicism. The government of Vatican City has a unique structure. The Pope is the sovereign of the state. The current office-holder is Pope Benedict XVI who was elected in a papal conclave on 19 April 2005. He is the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

More History about Vatican City State

For advanced information check the Official Web Site of Vatican City State.


What to see in Vatican City State?

St. Peters Basilica

The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (Basilica Sancti Petri) is well known in Italian as Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as Saint Peter's Basilica. The Basilica is a Late Renaissance church located within the Vatican City. Saint Peter's Basilica will surprise you with the largest interior of any Christian church in the world. While it is neither the official mother church of the Roman Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Pope as Bishop of Rome Saint Peter's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It has been described as "holding a unique position in the Christian world" and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom".

More History about The Saint Peter's Basilica


The Vatican Museums

The Vatican Museums (Musei Vaticani), in Viale Vaticano in Rome, inside the Vatican City are among the greatest museums in the world, since they display works from the immense collection built up by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the centuries, including some of the most renowned classical sculptures and most important masterpieces of Renaissance art in the world.

More History about Vatican Museums


The Vatican Gardens

The Vatican Gardens (Giardini Vaticani) in Vatican City are urban gardens and parks which cover more than half of the Vatican territory in the South and Northeast. There are some buildings such as Radio Vatican within the gardens.

The gardens cover approximately 23 hectares (57 acres) which is most of the Vatican Hill. The highest point is 60 meters (200 ft) above mean sea level. Stone walls bound the area in the North, South and West.

More about Vatican Gardens


How to go to Vatican City State?

The Vatican City State is on the Vatican Hill in Rome on the right bank of the river Tiber.

How to go to the Vatican City in Rome you can check also in the page:

Roma => How to go to Roma?


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Map of Vatican City State


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