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"Parma is a remarkable city, situated between the hills of the Apennines and the Po His pastures are so tasty and sweet that it is believed that nowhere in Europe can compare this to the excellent cheese it produces, hence the name Parma is known everywhere."
William Thomas, 1561
- City: Parma
- Region: Emilia Romagna
- Province: Parma
- Zona: North Italy
- Coordinates: 44°48′0″N 10°20′0″E
- Surface: 260,77 km²
- Population: 188 764 (by 30/11/2011)
- Patron Saint: Sant'Ilario
- Saint Day: 13 January
- Web site: Official Web Site
Parma is the second biggest city in the region of Emilia Romagna and one of the most important research centers in Italy. There 20 University Faculty in Parma: Agriculture, Architecture, Economics, Pharmacy, Law, Engineering, Humanities, Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Medicine, Psychology, Physical and Natural Sciences, Political Science.
Parma has been an ancient capital of the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza (1545-1859). The city is a home of the University of Parma and since 2002 the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), form 1956 the Magistrate of the Po that now is an Interregional Agency for the River Po (AIPO), since 1990 the Po River basin Authority (AdbPo). Since 1994 there has also its place a detachment of the Department Scientific Investigations (RIS), which deals with scientific studies on Northern Italy. Also based in Parma major banking institutions such as the Savings Bank of Parma and Piacenza, better known as Cariparma and Banca Monte Parma.
Typical Food of Parma
Maybe you already know that Parma is world famous with its prosciutto, cheese, architecture and surrounding countryside. Its Prosciutto Crudo di Parma and Parmigiano Reggiano are so delicious that once you try them you will save these testes for ever look for them. The Secret of Prosciutto Crudo di Parma and Parmigiano Reggiano is in the lush meadows where cows produce milk but not only. Also the technology of producing Prosciutto Crudo di Parma and Parmigiano Reggiano is very important. These products should dry some months before to go to the market but they are not simply drying, they are drying in special conditions and it is very important the palaces they are drying in and its ventilation. At the end there are a couple of conditions that even the owners don't wish to share with nobody.
Everywhere you go in Italy you will feel good and well to try Italian Citchen that is usually light. But here in Parma you should not miss to try some typical food of Parma:
First dishes: Tortelli d'erbetta, Tortelli in savor, Anolini in brodo, Timballo di riso con crema di formaggio, Risotto alla parmigiana, Tagliatelle al prosciutto di Parma, Maltagliati al Culatello, Quadrucci alla verza e prosciutto.
Second dishes: Arrosto di maiale, Stracotto di manzo e gallina, Punta al forno, Trippa parmigiana ("buzèca"), Bolliti misti, Cima ripiena o "picàja", Vécia (peperonata, patate e carne), Prosciutto di Parma in crosta, Torta di Riso, Spongata, Castagnaccio.
Deserts: Violetta allo Zucchero, Pasta ripiena, Torta di Mandorle, Zuppa Inglese, Crostata di Noci, Meringata di castagne.
Did you know that?
The former Parma city tower, that you can see in a card from the '800 was 130 meter high tower and it was the highest building in Italy. It was the true symbol of Parma but unfortunately in 1606 it was collapsed.
What to see in Parma?
In the city of Parma there are 34 archaeological and 296 architectural sites to see.
Historical center of Parma (Parma Nuova)
- Duomo and Baptistery of Parma
- Abbey of St. John the Evangelist
- Complex of St. Paul
- Church of Santa Maria della Steccata
- Church of San Pietro Apostolo
- Church of San Vitale
- Church of San Francesco del Prato
- Oratory of the Immaculate Conception
- Church of Santa Maria del Carmine
Palaces of Parma
- Palazzo della Pilotta
- Palazzo del Giardino
- Palazzetto Eucherio Sanvitale
- Palazzo del Governatore
- Palazzo del Episcopale
- Palazzo Imperiale dell'Arena
- Palazzo Tirelli
- Palazzo Palazzo Boselli
- Palazzo del'Università
Theaters of Parma
- Theater Regio
- Theater Farnese
The Antic Doors of Parma
- Porta San Francesco
- Porta Santa Croce
- Porta San Michele
- Porta Nuova
- Porta San Barnaba
Monuments of Parma
- Pons Lapidi
- Monument of Verdi
- Monument of Vittoria alata
- Monument of Parmigianino
- Monument of Partisan
- Monument of Garibaldi
- Small temple of Arcadia
Of course this was only a small list of everything you can see in Parma.
How to go to Parma?
Parma is very easy reachable place and you can use all kinds of transports to reach Parma excluding water transportation.
- By Air
Going to Parma by air you can use the International airport of Parma. But as the city is not so far from the other airports in this air you can go also to Genova, Milano Malpensa, Milano Linate, Bologna, Verona, Venice. From everyone of these airports you can rent a car or to get a taxi. Check in the nearest for you airport which one option you can have.
For more information:
Parma Airport - International Airport Giuseppe Verdi Parma
Genova Airport - International Airport C. Colombo Genova
Milano Malpensa - International Airport Milano - Terminal 1
Milano Malpensa - International Airport Milano - Terminal 2
Milano Linate - International Airport Linate
Bologna Borgo Panigale - International Airport Bologna Guglielmo Marconi
Verona Airport - International Airport Verona
Venice Airport - International Airport Venice Marco Polo
- By Train
Parma is well connected with all the parts of Italy by train excluding islands. Railway station of Parma is on the main line Torino - Milano - Bologna - Roma. But there are also connections to other sities in the region: La Spezia and Sarzana, Piadena-Brescia, Suzzara.
For more information visit the Italian Railway web site.
- By Car
Parma is very easy reachable by car and always the most preferred for visiting every one area in Italy.
The city is on the Highway A1 Milano - Bologna - Roma.
From the surroundings of Parma starts also Highway A15 Parma - La Spezia.
If you come from North Europe and Verona you can go down via Highway A22 from Verona to Modena and then to get A1 in the direction Parma e Milano or from Verona and then Mantova to get SS420 and SP343R via Colorno.
If you come from Brescia you can get A21 and E70 down to Fiorenzuola d'Arda and then via A1 in direction Bologna to Parma.
- Go Around
You can easy visit all the historical parts of Parma by walking but to go and see some monuments nearby the river you need to walk a little more or to use a car or taxi. You should know that there are not such very big parking in the central part of the city although there are parking garages outside the city center, the biggest on is behind Teatro Due. Very used transport in Parma is also a biking.
Important: The city has an access control system which limits entrance to the city center to local tagged vehicles only. This system is generally switched off after midnight. There is an extensive local bus lines also.
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Map of Parma